We are usually covering contemporary biomedicine on display on this blog, but sometimes older stuff gets its way into this column as well.

The occasion today is to draw attention to John Harley Warner and Jim Edmondson’s wonderfully illustrated book Dissection: Photographs of a Rite of Passage in America, 1880-1930, which has received very good reviews and other media attention, and has soared to Amazon rank #162.

Dissection explores a hidden treasure of images of late 19th and early 20th century medical students posing around anatomical dissection tables. The highly stylised arrangements of students, dissection tables, corpses, instruments and body parts suggest that these images were representations of a widely spread medical rite-of-passage.

To make their point, and not to be overwhelmed by too much material, John and Jim have wisely restricted themselves to medical schools in the United States around the turn of the last century — but images of similar practices probably abound in European archives and image collections as well. If I remember rightly, we have some of these in our image collection too.

There is a good interview with Jim on www.scienceFriday.com — listen to the podcast here.

Just a final thought. Now that human anatomy and dissection is no longer a core activity in medical schools — many schools have even dropped dissection on physical bodies and restrict their anatomical training to the virtual space — what kind of rite-of-passage, if any, has taken over? After all, micropipetting (a word that my speech recognition software does not recognise :-) is not a particularly evocative rite-of-passage practice.

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  • james edmonson

    Thomas,

    I had the same thought and discussed it with students at the Lerner College of Medicine of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and Case Western Reserve University. The students were a bit at a loss, however, to articulate what would substitute for the dissection experience — they talked about the shared experience of seeing patients together, grappling with a particularly challenging/perplexing diagnosis. I thought that it was a far cry from the communal, shared experience of dissection, however….

    Maybe we are at a crossroad, and future med students simply won’t have the same experience as their predecessors. That’s a pretty consequential change — a re-definition of their identity.

    Jim

  • Kirsten Jungersen

    You do remember correctly that we have some of these images in our collection. Mikkel Jessen wrote an interesting analysis on four of them in Bibliotek for læger. September 2002, p. 260-269. Kirsten

  • http://www.museion.ku.dk Thomas

    Right you are — I had forgotten it.