Another interesting aspect of multi-participant-generated scientific papers is that they will make it more difficult to retain traditional means (e.g.,co-authorship in articles in high impact peer-reviewed journals) for evaluating scientific research performance. As one report to the National Science Foundation said already six years ago:

“the shift from multidisciplinary to integrated research … will require changes in the way individuals are evaluated at their home institutions and by funding agencies. The emphasis on integration and collaboration leads to more collaborative research projects and multi-authored papers which will challenge traditional mechanisms of assessment for tenure and promotion”

(Report to the National Science Foundation From the Third Workshop on the Development of a National Ecological Observatory Network … 2000).

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